Category Archives: Non-lawyer practicing law

Online mechanic’s lien settlement software company Zlien settles Ohio unauthorized practice of law complaint

Hello and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog which will discuss the recent (July 20, 2016) Order approving the settlement of an Ohio unauthorized practice of law (UPL) complaint filed by the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association (CMBA) against an online mechanic’s lien settlement software maker called Express Lien, Inc. (d/b/a Zlien) and dismissing the complaint.  The case is Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association v. Express Lien, Inc. dba Zlien et al, case number Case No. UPL 15-01.  The Ohio Supreme Court UPL Board’s Order approving the settlement and dismissing the complaint is here:

The CMBA filed the UPL complaint in May 2015 against Express Lien Inc. (Zlien) alleging that it was enabling non-lawyers to practice law in Ohio.  Zlien claimed that its platform streamlined the process of filing lien documents by facilitating the filing of those documents by its users and that it was not engaging in or enabling UPL.

According to the Order, the UPL complaint alleged that Zlien was illegally practicing law when Zlien “Director of Client Experience” Gretchen Lynn allegedly prepared, signed and attempted to file a lien against an Ohio property on behalf of Midwest Interiors LLC. The complaint stated that Ms. Lynn was not a lawyer in Ohio and Zlien was not registered with the Ohio Secretary of State.

The Cuyahoga County Fiscal Office rejected the lien because it was filed 33 days past the 75-day window to file.  The CMBA then initiated an investigation which led to the filing of the complaint.  Zlien stated that the affidavit was completed using aggregated information and it is “a technology powered scrivener” that “merely copies verbatim” user provided information.

In response to the UPL complaint, Zlien file a lawsuit in Louisiana federal court in July 2015 against the CMBA, the Ohio State Bar Association, and other entities and individuals alleging, inter alia, that the Bar was attempting to unconstitutionally restrict commercial or political speech and engaging in unfair trade and competition practices in applying and enforcing Ohio’s UPL statutes.  Zlien’s federal lawsuit is here:

Zlien’s federal complaint cited to the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision in North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners which struck down the enforcement of regulations by North Carolina’s dental board, which had attempted to prohibit teeth whitening by non-dentists.  In that case, the Supreme Court stated that the regulation of a profession by licensees in the same profession violated federal antitrust laws.

The UPL settlement agreement states that Zlien has agreed not to sign any mechanic’s lien affidavits unless it is a party or can practice law in the jurisdiction.  The company also agreed not to select the property descriptions inserted in lien affidavits or advise customers on which property descriptions to use.  Zlien also agreed to require its users to sign generated lien documents themselves rather than appointing the company to sign for them through power of attorney.

Zlien issued a public statement through its chief legal officer related to the settlement: “Technology has advanced to the point where it can put groups that change at a slower pace – like bar associations – in unfamiliar and potentially uncomfortable situations.” “Software can’t practice law, and people still need lawyers for certain tasks, but things that technology can do are not the things for which lawyers are required.”

Bottom line:  This is more fallout from the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2015 North Carolina dental whitening decision and also involves an online legal document generator/provider. The case is North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission, No. 13–534. (USSC February 25, 2015) and the opinion is here:  My Ethics Alert blog discussing the case is here:  and a recent list of other cases which have been filed after that decision is here:

Stay tuned and be careful out there.

Disclaimer:  this Ethics Alert  is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice, and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Please note:  Effective June 27, 2016, my new office address is:

29605 U.S. Highway 19 N., Suite 150, Clearwater, Florida 33761

E-mail addresses and telephone numbers below will remain the same. 

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire

Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.

29605 U.S. Highway 19 N. Suite 150

Clearwater, Florida 33761

Office (727) 799-1688

Fax     (727) 799-1670



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Filed under Attorney Ethics, Bar antitrust, BAR UPL antitrust, joe corsmeier, Joseph Corsmeier, Lawyer antitrust, Non-lawyer practicing law, North Carolina Dental Board, North Carolina dental whitening case and UPL, Unauthorized practice of law, Unlicensed practice of law, Unlicensed practice of law antitrust lawsuit, Zlien UPL lawsuit and settlement

Pennsylvania woman who posed as a lawyer for 10 years is convicted of UPL, forgery, and records tampering

Hello and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog which will discuss recent conviction of a Pennsylvania woman who posed as a lawyer for 10 years using fictitious documents and another lawyer’s license number.  The case is Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Kimberly M. Kitchen, case number CP-31-CR-0000274-2015 (Court of Common Pleas of Huntingdon County).  The court docket is here:

According to media reports, the woman had been named a partner at a Pennsylvania law firm in April 2014 when her actions were discovered later that year.  She had spent the previous decade working as a lawyer by the time the state attorney general’s office brought charges against her in 2015.  She had also served as served as president of the local county bar association.

According to the criminal charges and media reports, the woman created fictitious bar examination results and a law license and a false check for the state attorney registration fee, and she also created a false e-mail purportedly showing that she attended Duquesne University law school.

The woman handled estate planning for more than 30 clients and even served as president of the county bar association for a time. She made partner at her firm before the fraud was discovered.  Her biography page (which has been deleted) said that she spent a decade as a paralegal at another firm in Pittsburgh and that she graduated summa cum laude from Duquesne law school in Pittsburgh.

A former county bar association president told the Huntingdon Daily News, which first reported on the matter, that by specializing in estate planning on inheritance court documents, the woman was able to stay out of the courtroom.

According to a recent Wall Street Journal report, the woman’s attorney said she would be considering an appeal since, in order to prove the most serious charge of records tampering, prosecutors had to show that someone “relied on the deceit to their detriment.”  The lawyer contends that nobody was harmed by the deception since “apparently everyone was satisfied with (her services) for at least a decade.”  The lawyer also stated that  “(n)obody ever challenged her credentials.”

The judge found the lawyer guilty of misdemeanor UPL, misdemeanor forgery, and felony tampering with a public record/information on March 24, 2016 and did not immediately schedule sentencing.

Bottom line:  This individual appears to have been successful in posing as an attorney for over ten years in Pennsylvania and was made a partner in a law firm and served as a local Bar president using false credentials and a false law license.  Lawyer be wary and be sure to fully investigate any lawyer that you hire.

…and be careful out there.

If you have any questions about this Ethics Alert or need assistance, analysis, and guidance regarding these or any other ethics, risk management, or other issues, please do not hesitate to contact me.

Disclaimer:  this Ethics Alert  is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice, and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire

Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.

2454 McMullen Booth Road, Suite 431

Clearwater, Florida 33759

Office (727) 799-1688

Fax     (727) 799-1670















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Filed under deceit, dishonesty, joe corsmeier, Joseph Corsmeier, Lawyer unlicensed practice of law, Non-lawyer practicing law, Unauthorized practice of law, Unlicensed practice of law