Category Archives: ABA Resolution 105 non lawyer ownership of law firms

Arizona legal advocates program beginning in September 2020 will train non-lawyers to provide limited legal advice

Hello everyone and welcome to this Ethics Alert which will discuss the Arizona licensed legal advocates program beginning in September 2020 which will provide training for non-lawyers to provide limited  legal advice.  A recent news release on the program by the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law is here:  https://law.arizona.edu/news/2020/02/new-licensed-legal-advocates-pilot-program

The Rogers College of Law initiated a two-year pilot project that will license a small group of non-lawyers to give limited legal advice on civil matters related to domestic violence.  The individuals will be known as licensed legal advocates and will be trained to provide legal advice on protective orders, divorce, child custody, consumer protection and housing.

Three to four lay legal advocates from Southern Arizona’s Emerge! Center Against Domestic Abuse are expected to start an eight-week training program at the law school in September 2020.  The individuals must have a bachelor’s degree and at least 2,000 hours of experience as a lay legal advocate.  The Arizona lay legal advocates will be permitted to provide general information about legal forms and court procedures in issues stemming from domestic violence, but are prohibited from providing legal advice.

The training will have an online curriculum and in-person classes.  The Arizona Supreme Court’s Administrative Office of the Courts is working with the Innovation for Justice Program to include a licensing examination for the course. If the pilot is made permanent, the licensed legal advocates will be required to take continuing legal education courses after completing the training.  Individuals who are required to appear in court in a matter will represent themselves; however, the licensed legal advocate will be permitted to sit at that individual’s table.

The pilot project runs until the end of 2021 and includes a research study which will review procedural fairness, whether a licensed legal advocate was able to provide the required level of legal services, and case outcomes.

The 2020-2021 pilot project results from a 2019 Arizona Supreme Court task force report on legal services delivery which recommended, inter alia, the elimination Arizona Rule of Professional Conduct 5.4 (based on Rule 5.4 of the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct) which restricts lawyer partnerships with nonlawyers in law firms.  An American Bar Association Task Force Report in October 2019 also recommended elimination of the Model Rule

The October 2019 American Bar Association Task Force on the Delivery of Legal Services Report is here:   https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/legal_education_and_admissions_to_the_bar/council_reports_and_resolutions/november2019/arizona-supreme-court-task-force-on-delivery-of-legal-services-final-report-2019-october.pdf

The Arizona Supreme Court is expected to vote on the recommendation to eliminate Arizona Bar Rule of Professional Conduct 5.4 in August 2020.

The Arizona Supreme Court authorized a pilot project creating a legal document preparer program to assist people in domestic violence matters.  As I previously reported, the Utah Supreme Court voted in August 2019 to pursue a regulatory reform working group’s recommendations, which included either eliminating or relaxing Utah’s Rule 5.4 and the Ethics Alert blog on that vote and working group report is here:  https://jcorsmeier.wordpress.com/2019/09/03/utah-supreme-court-approves-pilot-program-to-permit-non-traditional-legal-services-including-non-lawyer-firm-ownership/

The Utah working group report and the Arizona Supreme Court task force report are both referenced in the report accompanying proposed American Bar Association Resolution 115, which is scheduled to be considered and potentially approved by the ABA House of Delegates on Feb. 17, 2020 at the ABA Midyear Meeting in Austin, Texas. The resolution requests that the ABA to encourage jurisdictions to consider regulatory innovation and examine existing regulations, including those related to the unauthorized practice of law.

Bottom line:  This Arizona non-lawyer “legal advocate” pilot program permitting non-lawyers to give limited legal advice is a continuation of the trend toward expanding the non-lawyer practice of law and also authorizing non-lawyers to own legal service entities.  As always, I will be following it and I will keep you advised

Be careful out there.

Disclaimer:  this e-mail is not an advertisement, does not contain any legal advice, and does not create an attorney/client relationship and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire

Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.

2999 Alt. 19, Suite A

Palm Harbor, Florida 34683

Office (727) 799-1688

Fax     (727) 799-1670

jcorsmeier@jac-law.com

www.jac-law.com

 

Joseph Corsmeier

about.me/corsmeierethicsblogs

 

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ABA adopts Resolution 105 encouraging states to consider non-traditional legal service providers, including non-lawyer firm ownership

Hello and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog which will discuss the American Bar Association’s February 8, 2016 approval and adoption of Formal Resolution 105, which adopts the ABA Model Regulatory Objectives for the Provision of Legal Services.  The Final ABA Resolution 105 as Revised and Adopted is here: http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/images/abanews/2016mymres/105.pdf

According to the ABA website, Resolution 105 “(a)dopts the ABA Model Regulatory Objectives for the Provision of Legal Services, dated February, 2016 and urges that each state’s highest court, and those of each territory and tribe be guided by the Model Regulatory Objectives when they assess the court’s existing regulatory framework and any other regulation they may choose to develop concerning non-traditional legal service providers.” https://www.americanbar.org/news/reporter_resources/midyear-meeting-2016/house-of-delegates-resolutions/105.html

The ABA Resolution calls for the adoption of “regulatory objectives for the provision of legal services” that would help “identify and implement regulations related to legal services beyond the traditional regulation of the legal profession.”  With the exception of the District of Columbia, no jurisdiction in the U.S. permits non-lawyer ownership of law firms (although the United Kingdom and some U.K. commonwealth countries do permit it).

The arguments for non-lawyer ownership of law firms include that it would expand consumers’ access to legal services, encourage innovation, and reduce the cost of legal services; however, the Resolution has drawn criticism.  The arguments against non-lawyer ownership include that it would encourage profit making (and taking) over serving clients and the public.

According to a Wall Street Journal “LawBlog” article (quoting AmLaw Daily)”:

(T)he mere mention of “non-traditional legal service providers” raises hackles for some in the ABA. The Texas state bar board, for example, has asked Texas delegates to withhold their support for Resolution 105.  State bar president-elect Frank Stevenson II of Locke Lord said the board opposes the proposal because it seems to presume there’s a place for non-lawyers to provide legal services.”

The LawBlog article also states that “(t)he New York State Bar Association is also fighting against the resolution, saying it would open the door to nonlawyer firm ownership. ‘Nonlawyer ownership of law firms creates a whole new set of fiduciary responsibilities, which have nothing to do with the best interests of the clients we are duty-bound to serve,’ the state bar’s president, David P. Miranda, said in a statement.”

Bottom line: This is has been, and continues to be, a very controversial issue; however, there does not seem to be much support for non-lawyer ownership of law firms in Florida or other jurisdictions.

Disclaimer:  this e-mail is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire

Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.

2454 McMullen Booth Road, Suite 431

Clearwater, Florida 33759

Office (727) 799-1688

Fax     (727) 799-1670

jcorsmeier@jac-law.com

www.jac-law.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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