Monthly Archives: July 2014

Florida Supreme Court disbars lawyer for, inter alia, making agreement with defendant for payment to make the case “go away” while representing victim

Hello everyone and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog (with a corrected title) which discusses the recent the Florida Supreme Court Order which upheld a referee’s report and disbarred a Florida lawyer for, inter alia, making an agreement with a defendant in a criminal matter for payment to make the criminal case “go away” while representing the victim in the same case. The case is: The Florida Bar v. Mark F. Germain, SC12-1981 and SC12-2289 (July 8, 2014) and the Order is here: http://www.floridasupremecourt.org/clerk/dispositions/2014/07/12-1981_12-2289.pdf.

According to the referee’s report, which was adopted by the Florida Supreme Court, Jeffrey Bowman was arrested in Lake County, Florida on or about July 1, 2011, following an alleged domestic battery on Bonnie DePaolo. Bowman was later released and ordered to have no contact with DePaolo as a condition of his pretrial release. An Assistant State Attorney met DePaolo on the day of Bowman’s bond hearing and she said that she was very upset that Bowman was bonding out of jail.

According to testimony by the lawyer, Bowman was the subject of a 2007 injunction regarding DePaolo and she also went to the hospital after the incident for the injuries Bowman allegedly caused. DePaolo’s sister, Rita Hazlett, testified that, while DePaolo was staying with, a Sheriff’s deputy came to her house to warn her that Bowman had threatened to kill her and that he came into her yard, angry and waving a gun.

In early July 2011, the lawyer agreed to represent DePaolo, the victim in the matter. The lawyer then called the defendant, Bowman, and requested a meeting at a restaurant in order to make it “all go away.” Bowman testified that they discussed getting his belongings back and dropping the prosecution for “cash.” Bowman did not agree to this, and the settlement was not finalized.

The lawyer then called attorney John Bruce Bowman, the brother of Bowman, and suggested to him that Bowman pay a “substantial” amount of money to avoid prosecution. Attorney Bowman told him that the suggestion was extortion and he would not be a part of it. Attorney Bowman later reviewed a settlement agreement that was negotiated between Bowman and the lawyer. He also stated that the lawyer never discussed a civil settlement or claim and that the telephone call was about “saving money with a criminal lawyer and getting money to resolve a criminal matter.”

The lawyer testified that the content of the proposed settlement agreement was in an e-mail he sent to Jeffrey Bowman and attorney Bowman; however, attorney Bowman apparently never received a copy of any e-mail because of a “faulty e-mail address”. The lawyer also did not have DePaolo’s medical bills at the time of the agreement, which later exceeded $3,000.00.

The lawyer tried to resolve the criminal case before a July 14, 2011 meeting between the Assistant State Attorney and DePaolo so that Bowman would not have to “spend money” on a criminal defense attorney. The lawyer testified that he was aware of the Bar rules prohibiting compensating people to drop criminal charges and that he did not call the Florida Bar Hotline during the preparation of the agreement.

The lawyer then prepared a settlement agreement in which DePaolo would sign an Intent Not to Prosecute and “in good faith make every effort to ensure that there is no prosecution.” The agreement also contained the following statement: “I, attorney Mark F. Germain, hereby acknowledge receipt of $1,500 from Jeffrey ALLEN BOWMAN on behalf of BONNIE DEPAOLO as compensation for the concessions made herein.” (emphasis supplied). The agreement was signed July 10, 2011, by both the lawyer and DePaolo; however, the lawyer never received the $1,500.00 from Jeffrey Bowman.

Soon after the agreement was signed, the lawyer called attorney James Hope, who was his supervising attorney for probation imposed in a previous Bar matter, regarding the agreement. “Mr. Hope dissuaded (the lawyer) from using the language in paragraph three, but (the lawyer) continued to press as to why he thought the language was appropriate. Mr. Hope told (the lawyer), ‘I wouldn’t touch that with a ten foot pole.’ (The lawyer) then admitted that the agreement was not a proposal, and that he had already signed it.”

The referee found that the lawyer did not competently in representing DePaolo, including the failure to obtain an injunction, which would have “greater enforceability and consequences for violation than a ‘no contact’ order from first appearance (an order prohibiting contact with Ms. DePaolo as a condition of pretrial release). He also waived her ability to seek personal injury damages, without knowing what those damages were, and then encouraged settlement for a sum of money far below the actual costs she incurred for medical treatment.”

The referee also found “(the lawyer) also discouraged the criminal prosecution of the ‘perpetrator’ in this case, which prosecution may have resulted in further protections and restitution for Ms. DePaolo. He attempted to negotiate a settlement which was beneficial to Jeffrey Bowman and detrimental to Bonnie DePaolo, and he attempted to extort funds from Jeffrey Bowman in exchange for a declination of prosecution. In addition to the harm this caused to Ms. DePaolo, Respondent ultimately interfered with the State’s prosecution of Jeffrey Bowman by negotiating terms encouraging Ms. DePaolo’s non-participation as a witness in the case.”

The referee also found that “(the lawyer) was misleading during the Bar’s investigation of this matter. For example, he prepared two affidavits for Ms. DePaolo, which were at best self-serving testimony, and were not accurate. During the hearing, Ms. DePaolo could not even read portions of the Affidavits, and it was clear that the contents were not her testimony. These affidavits were prepared at critical points in the disciplinary process. (The lawyer) also gave deposition testimony that was not accurate.”

After listing the Bar Rules that the lawyer violated, including 4-1.1, 4-1.7(a)(2), 4-3.4(b), 4-8.4(a), and 4-8.4(d), applying the Florida Standards for Imposing Lawyer Sanctions, mitigation and aggravation, and case law, the referee recommended that the lawyer be held in contempt of his probation and permanently disbarred. In a one page Order, the Florida Supreme Court upheld the referee’s findings and found the lawyer in contempt; however, the Court reduced the permanent disbarment to a 5 year disbarment.

Bottom line: This is a somewhat bizarre set of facts to say the least and, according to the referee’s report, the lawyer apparently knew that what he was doing was a violation of the Bar rules. He will now have 5 plus years to think about it.

Let’s be careful out there.

Disclaimer: this Ethics Alert blog is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire
Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.
2454 McMullen Booth Road, Suite 431
Clearwater, Florida 33759
Office (727) 799-1688
Fax (727) 799-1670
jcorsmeier@jac-law.com
http://www.jac-law.com

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Filed under Attorney discipline, Attorney Ethics, Florida Bar, Florida Lawyer Ethics and Professionalism, joe corsmeier, Joseph Corsmeier, Lawyer disbarment, Lawyer discipline, Lawyer ethics, Lawyer Ethics and Professionalism, Lawyer lack of competence, Lawyer lack of diligence, Lawyer sanctions

Florida Supreme Court disbars lawyer for, inter alia, making agreement with defendant for payment to make the case “go away” while representing victim

Hello everyone and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog which will discuss the recent the Florida Supreme Court Order which upheld a referee’s report and disbarred a Florida lawyer for, inter alia, making an agreement with a defendant in a criminal matter for payment to make the criminal case “go away” while representing the victim in the same case. The Order is: The Florida Bar v. Mark F. Germain, SC12-1981 and SC12-2289 (July 8, 2014) and is here: http://www.floridasupremecourt.org/clerk/dispositions/2014/07/12-1981_12-2289.pdf.

According to the referee’s report, which was adopted by the Florida Supreme Court, Jeffrey Bowman was arrested in Lake County, Florida on or about July 1, 2011, following an alleged domestic battery on Bonnie DePaolo. Bowman was later released and ordered to have no contact with DePaolo as a condition of his pretrial release. An Assistant State Attorney met DePaolo on the day of Bowman’s bond hearing and she said that she was very upset that Bowman was bonding out of jail.

According to testimony by the lawyer, Bowman was the subject of a 2007 injunction regarding DePaolo and she also went to the hospital after the incident for the injuries Bowman allegedly caused. DePaolo’s sister, Rita Hazlett, testified that, while DePaolo was staying with, a Sheriff’s deputy came to her house to warn her that Bowman had threatened to kill her and that he came into her yard, angry and waving a gun.

In early July 2011, the lawyer agreed to represent DePaolo, the victim in the matter. The lawyer then called the defendant, Bowman, and requested a meeting at a restaurant in order to make it “all go away.” Bowman testified that they discussed getting his belongings back and dropping the prosecution for “cash.” Bowman did not agree to this, and the settlement was not finalized.

The lawyer then called attorney John Bruce Bowman, the brother of Bowman, and suggested to him that Bowman pay a “substantial” amount of money to avoid prosecution. Attorney Bowman told him that the suggestion was extortion and he would not be a part of it. Attorney Bowman later reviewed a settlement agreement that was negotiated between Bowman and the lawyer. He also stated that the lawyer never discussed a civil settlement or claim and that the telephone call was about “saving money with a criminal lawyer and getting money to resolve a criminal matter.”

The lawyer testified that the content of the proposed settlement agreement was in an e-mail he sent to Jeffrey Bowman and attorney Bowman; however, attorney Bowman apparently never received a copy of any e-mail because of a “faulty e-mail address”. The lawyer also did not have DePaolo’s medical bills at the time of the agreement, which later exceeded $3,000.00.

The lawyer tried to resolve the criminal case before a July 14, 2011 meeting between the Assistant State Attorney and DePaolo so that Bowman would not have to “spend money” on a criminal defense attorney. The lawyer testified that he was aware of the Bar rules prohibiting compensating people to drop criminal charges and that he did not call the Florida Bar Hotline during the preparation of the agreement.

The lawyer then prepared a settlement agreement in which DePaolo would sign an Intent Not to Prosecute and “in good faith make every effort to ensure that there is no prosecution.” The agreement also contained the following statement: “I, attorney Mark F. Germain, hereby acknowledge receipt of $1,500 from Jeffrey ALLEN BOWMAN on behalf of BONNIE DEPAOLO as compensation for the concessions made herein.” (emphasis supplied). The agreement was signed July 10, 2011, by both the lawyer and DePaolo; however, the lawyer never received the $1,500.00 from Jeffrey Bowman.

Soon after the agreement was signed, the lawyer called attorney James Hope, who was his supervising attorney for probation imposed in a previous Bar matter, regarding the agreement. “Mr. Hope dissuaded (the lawyer) from using the language in paragraph three, but (the lawyer) continued to press as to why he thought the language was appropriate. Mr. Hope told (the lawyer), ‘I wouldn’t touch that with a ten foot pole.’ (The lawyer) then admitted that the agreement was not a proposal, and that he had already signed it.”

The referee found that the lawyer did not competently in representing DePaolo, including the failure to obtain an injunction, which would have “greater enforceability and consequences for violation than a ‘no contact’ order from first appearance (an order prohibiting contact with Ms. DePaolo as a condition of pretrial release). He also waived her ability to seek personal injury damages, without knowing what those damages were, and then encouraged settlement for a sum of money far below the actual costs she incurred for medical treatment.”

The referee also found “(the lawyer) also discouraged the criminal prosecution of the ‘perpetrator’ in this case, which prosecution may have resulted in further protections and restitution for Ms. DePaolo. He attempted to negotiate a settlement which was beneficial to Jeffrey Bowman and detrimental to Bonnie DePaolo, and he attempted to extort funds from Jeffrey Bowman in exchange for a declination of prosecution. In addition to the harm this caused to Ms. DePaolo, Respondent ultimately interfered with the State’s prosecution of Jeffrey Bowman by negotiating terms encouraging Ms. DePaolo’s non-participation as a witness in the case.”

The referee also found that “(the lawyer) was misleading during the Bar’s investigation of this matter. For example, he prepared two affidavits for Ms. DePaolo, which were at best self-serving testimony, and were not accurate. During the hearing, Ms. DePaolo could not even read portions of the Affidavits, and it was clear that the contents were not her testimony. These affidavits were prepared at critical points in the disciplinary process. (The lawyer) also gave deposition testimony that was not accurate.”

After listing the Bar Rules that the lawyer violated, including 4-1.1, 4-1.7(a)(2), 4-3.4(b), 4-8.4(a), and 4-8.4(d), applying the Florida Standards for Imposing Lawyer Sanctions, mitigation and aggravation, and case law, the referee recommended that the lawyer be held in contempt of his probation and permanently disbarred. In a one page Order, the Florida Supreme Court upheld the referee’s findings and found the lawyer in contempt; however, the Court reduced the permanent disbarment to a 5 year disbarment.

Bottom line: This is a somewhat bizarre set of facts to say the least and, according to the referee’s report, the lawyer apparently knew that what he was doing was a violation of the Bar rules. He will now have 5 plus years to think about it.

Let’s be careful out there.

Disclaimer: this Ethics Alert blog is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire
Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.
2454 McMullen Booth Road, Suite 431
Clearwater, Florida 33759
Office (727) 799-1688
Fax (727) 799-1670
jcorsmeier@jac-law.com
http://www.jac-law.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Attorney discipline, Attorney Ethics, Conflict of interest criminal cases, Florida Bar, Florida Lawyer Ethics and Professionalism, joe corsmeier, Joseph Corsmeier, Lawyer conflict of interest, Lawyer disbarment, Lawyer discipline, Lawyer ethics, Lawyer Ethics and Professionalism, Lawyer sanctions

Florida Bar Professional Ethics Committee approves proposed advisory ethics opinion addressing the use of lawyer electronic signatures

Hello everyone and welcome to this Ethics Alert blog which will discuss the recent Proposed Advisory Opinion 87-11 (Reconsideration) which was approved by the Professional Ethics Committee of The Florida Bar on June 27, 2014. The proposed Advisory Opinion states that a lawyer may permit a non-lawyer employee to affix the lawyer’s electronic signature using the format in new Rule of Judicial Administration 2.515; however, opinion cautions that, although the lawyer may delegate the electronic signing of the document under the rule of judicial administration, the lawyer must “review and be responsible for the work product” as required by Rule 4-5.3(c).

The proposed advisory opinion is below.

PROFESSIONAL ETHICS OF THE FLORIDA BAR

Proposed Advisory Opinion 87-11 (Reconsideration) [June 27, 2014]

A Florida Bar member has asked the committee to reconsider Florida Ethics Opinion 87-11, in light of recent changes to Rule of Judicial Administration 2.515 regarding electronic signatures. In Florida Ethics Opinion 87-11, the committee opined that “an attorney should not under any circumstances permit nonlawyer employees to sign notices of hearing” citing the lawyer’s obligation to comply with rules of court and to avoid assisting in the unlicensed practice of law.

Since that opinion was written, the Supreme Court of Florida has required that all documents be filed electronically. In re Amendments to the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure et al., 102 So.3d 451 (Fla. 2012). Subsequent to that order, the Rules of Judicial Administration were amended to address electronic signatures. In re Amendments to the Florida Rules of Judicial Administration et al., 102 So.3d 505 (Fla. 2012). New Rule of Judicial Administration 2.515 states as follows:
(a) Attorney Signature. Every pleading and other document of a party represented by an attorney shall be signed by at least 1 attorney of record in that attorney’s individual name whose current record Florida Bar address, telephone number, including area code, primary e-mail address and secondary e-mail addresses, if any, and Florida Bar number shall be stated, and who shall be duly licensed to practice law in Florida or who shall have received permission to appear in the particular case as provided in rule 2.510. The attorney may be required by the court to give the address of, and to vouch for the attorney’s authority to represent, the party. Except when otherwise specifically provided by an applicable rule or statute, pleadings need not be verified or accompanied by affidavit. The signature of an attorney shall constitute a certificate by the attorney that the attorney has read the pleading or other document; that to the best of the attorney’s knowledge, information, and belief there is good ground to support it; and that it is not interposed for delay. If a pleading is not signed or is signed with intent to defeat the purpose of this rule, it may be stricken and the action may proceed as though the pleading or other document had not been served.

(b) Pro Se Litigant Signature. A party who is not represented by an attorney shall sign any pleading or other paper and state the party’s address and telephone number, including area code.

(c) Form of Signature.

(1) The signatures required on pleadings and documents by subdivisions (a) and (b) of this rule may be:

(A) original signatures;

(B) original signatures that have been reproduced by electronic means, such as on electronically transmitted documents or photocopied documents;

(C) electronic signatures using the “/s/,” “s/,” or “/s” formats by or at the direction of the person signing; or

(D) any other signature format authorized by general law, so long as the clerk where the proceeding is pending has the capability of receiving and has obtained approval from the Supreme Court of Florida to accept pleadings and documents with that signature format.

***
In light of the new rule of judicial administration, the committee is of the opinion regarding electronic signatures alone that a lawyer may permit a nonlawyer employee to affix the lawyer’s electronic signature using the format indicated by subdivision (c)(1)(C) above. The committee cautions that although the lawyer may delegate the electronic signing of the document under the rule of judicial administration, the lawyer must “review and be responsible for the work product” as required by Rule 4-5.3(c). Thus, lawyers may only direct a nonlawyer to affix the electronic signature permitted by the rule after reviewing and approving the document to be filed. The committee’s conclusion in Florida Ethics Opinion 87-11, that generally a nonlawyer may not sign pleadings, otherwise remains unchanged.
According to the Bar’s notice, comments from Florida Bar members are solicited on the proposed opinion and the committee will consider any comments received at a meeting to be held at 9:30 a.m. on Friday, October 17, at the Tampa Airport Marriott in conjunction with the Bar’s Fall Meeting. Comments must have the proposed advisory opinion number and clearly state the issues for the committee to consider. A written argument may be included explaining why The Florida Bar member believes the committee’s opinion is either correct or incorrect and may contain citations to relevant authorities. Comments should be submitted to Elizabeth Clark Tarbert, Ethics Counsel, The Florida Bar, 651 E. Jefferson Street 32399-2300, and must be postmarked no later than 30 days from the date of this publication.

Bottom line: This proposed opinion revises the previous opinion addressing lawyer’s signatures to bring it into the brave new digital world since e-filing has now been made mandatory in Florida. As I have said (and blogged about) in the past, lawyers must be very wary of allowing non-lawyers to affix an electronic signature and e-file documents to insure that there are no breaches of confidentiality, whether it be client confidentiality or confidentiality under existing law.

Let’s be careful out there.

Disclaimer: this Ethics Alert blog is not an advertisement and does not contain any legal advice and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire
Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.
2454 McMullen Booth Road, Suite 431
Clearwater, Florida 33759
Office (727) 799-1688
Fax (727) 799-1670
jcorsmeier@jac-law.com
http://www.jac-law.com

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